Accession Number: pdtdbl00042

Details of the Ligand

Ligand Name : Choline
Systematic Names : Choline; Choline ion; Bilineurine; Choline cation; Cholinum; 2-Hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethylethanaminium
Molecular Formula : C5H14NO+
Molecular Weight : g/mol
IUPAC Name : 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl)azanium
Canonical SMILES : C[N+](C)(C)CCO
Ligand Description :

Choline is similar to the 'B' Vitamins. It can be made in the liver. It is also found in foods such as liver, muscle meats, fish, nuts, beans, peas, spinach, wheat germ, and eggs.

Choline is used for liver disease, including chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis. It is also used for depression, memory loss, Alzheimer's disease and dementia, Huntington's chorea, Tourette's disease, a brain disorder called Cerebellar ataxia, certain types of seizures, and a mental condition called Schizophrenia.

Athletes use it for bodybuilding and delaying fatigue in endurance sports.

Choline is taken by pregnant women to prevent neural tube defects in their babies and it is used as a supplement in infant formulas.

Choline is used in many chemical reactions in the body. Choline seems to be an important in the nervous system. In asthma, choline might help decrease swelling and inflammation.

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