Accession Number: pdtdbp00046

Details of the Plant

Plant Name : Valerian
Alternative Names : Indian Valerian, Valerian Jatamansi, Taggar, Tagara, All-heal, Amantilla, Baldrian, Great Wild, வலேரியன்
Scientific Name : Valeriana Wallichii
Medicinal Parts : Root, Leaf, Flower
Plant Category : Herb
2° Metabolites (29/129) :
2-Acetyl-Pyrrole, 7-Epideacetylisovaltrate, 8-Epikessanol, Acetic acid, Acetoxy-Valepotriatum, Acevaltrate, Actinidine, Aluminum, allo-Aromadendrene, Azulene, Baldrianic acid, Baldriatannic acid, β-Bisabolene, Borneol, Bornyl butyrate, Bornyl formate, Bornyl isovalerianate, Bornyl-Acetate, δ-Cadinene, Caffeic acid, Calcium, Camphene, Capronic acid, Carbohydrates, β-Carotene, Caryophyllene, Catalase, Chatinene, Chlorogenic acid, Choline, Chromium, Cobalt, p-Coumaric acid, α-Curcumene, P-Cymol Patcholyl-Alcohol, Deacetylisolavtrate, Didrovaltrate, Dihydrovalepotriatum, β-Elemene, Eremophilene, Eugenyl isovalerate, Fat, Faurinol, Faurinone, α-Fenchene, Fiber, Formic acid, Fructose, Glucose, Gum, Homodivaltrate, Homovaltrate, Hydroxyvalerinic acid, β-Ionone, Iron, Isoeugenyl isovalerate, Isovalerianic acid, Isovaleric acid, Isovaleroxy-Hydroxy-Didrovaltrate, Kaempferol, Kanokosides, α-Kerzylalcohol, α-Kessyl alcohol, Kessane, Kessene, Kessyl glycol, Kongol, Ledol, Limonene, Linoleic acid, γ-Linolenic acid, Maaliol, Maalioxide, Magnesium, Manganese, α-Methyl-2-Pyrrolyl-Ketone, Myrcene, Myrtenol, Myrtenyl acetate, Myrtenyl-Isovalerianate, N-(β-(P-Hydroxyphenyl)-Ethyl)-Actinidine, Oleic acid, Oxydase, Palmitic acid, Peroxidase, β-Phellandrene, Phosphorus, β-Pinene, Potassium, Quercetin, Raffinose, Resin, Saccharose, Selenium, Silicon, β-Sitosterol, β-Sitosterol stearate, Sodium, γ-Terpinene, Terpinolene, Tin, Tridecen-(1)-Pentain(3,5,7,9,11), Valechlorine, α-Valene, β-Valene, γ-Valene, Valenol, Valepotriates, Valepotriatum, Valerenal, Valerenic acid, Valerenol, Valerenolic acid, Valerenone, Valerianine, Valerianol, Valerianolic acid, Valerianone, Valeric acid, Valerine, Valerosidatum, Valeroside-A, Valtrate, Valtrate isovaleroxyhydrin, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin C, Zinc
Phytochemical IDs : pdtdbl00114, pdtdbl00186, pdtdbl00070, pdtdbl00053, pdtdbl00035, pdtdbl00170, pdtdbl00120, pdtdbl00042, pdtdbl00026, pdtdbl00115, pdtdbl00063, pdtdbl00151, pdtdbl00054, pdtdbl00034, pdtdbl00048, pdtdbl00033, pdtdbl00022, pdtdbl00125, pdtdbl00049, pdtdbl00038, pdtdbl00077, pdtdbl00027, pdtdbl00122, pdtdbl00130, pdtdbl00074, pdtdbl00008, pdtdbl00009, pdtdbl00010, pdtdbl00016
Plant Description :

Valerian is most commonly used for sleep disorders, especially the inability to sleep (insomnia). It is frequently combined with hops, lemon balm, or other herbs that also cause drowsiness. Some people who are trying to withdraw from the use of "sleeping pills" use valerian to help them sleep after they have tapered the dose of the sleeping pill. There is some scientific evidence that valerian works for sleep disorders, although not all studies are positive.

Valerian is also used for conditions connected to anxiety and psychological stress including nervous asthma, hysterical states, excitability, fear of illness (hypochondria), headaches, migraine, and stomach upset. Some people use valerian for depression, mild tremors, epilepsy, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Valerian is used for muscle and joint pain. Some women use valerian for menstrual cramps and symptoms associated with menopause, including hot flashes and anxiety. Sometimes, valerian is added to bath water to help with restlessness and sleep disorders.

Indian valerian is anodyne, antispasmodic, aromatic, calmative, carminative, diuretic, expectorant, nervine, relaxant, sedative, stimulant and tranquilizer. The herb has a remarkable influence on the cerebro-spinal system, hypochrondriasis, hysteria, insomnia, migraines, nervous unrests and nervous tensions, neuralgia and neurasthenia. It is useful in treating anxiety, breathlessness, epilepsy, giddiness and fainting fits. The herb lowers blood pressure, palpitations of the heart and even strengthens the heart. Indian valerian is useful in curing gastrointestinal conditions like diverticulitis, irritable bowel, nervous dyspepsia, nervous stomach, stimulates digestion, and stomach cramps. It proves helpful in treating head congestion and loosens phlegm in different coughs and lung congestion. Indian valerian comes handy in menstrual cramps and muscle spasms, aids liver function and relieves pain. The root corrects tremors, reduces excitement and irritability, lowers high blood pressure and calms the nervous system.

Plant Keywords : Valerian, Valeriana Wallichii, Indian Valerian, Valerian Jatamansi, Taggar, Tagara, All-heal, Amantilla, Baldrian, Great Wild, வலேரியன்
Plant References :
  1. http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-herbs/valeriana-wallichi.html
  2. http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-870-valerian.aspx?activeingredientid=870&activeingredientname=valerian
  3. http://www.methowvalleyherbs.com/2010/11/valerian.html
Valerian

Click the image to enlarge