Accession Number: pdtdbp00056

Details of the Plant

Plant Name : Black Nightshade
Alternative Names : Black-berry Nightshade, Nightshade, Poisonberry, Mulaku-thakkali, மணதக்காளி
Scientific Name : Solanum nigrum
Medicinal Parts : Leaf, Flower, Fruit, Stem, Root
Plant Category : Vegetable, Herb
2° Metabolites (20/31) :
Acetic acid, Ascorbic acid, Caffeic acid, β-Carotene, Citric acid, Diosgenin, Epicatechin, Gallic acid, Linoleic acid, Malic acid, Medioresinol, Naringenin, Oleic acid, Palmitic acid, Pinoresinol, Protocatechuic acid, Riboflavin, Rutin, Scopoletin, β-Sitosterol, Solamargine, Solanine, Solasodine, Solasonine, Stearic acid, Syringaresinol, Tannin, Tartaric acid, Tetracosanoic acid, Thiamin, Tigogenin
Phytochemical IDs : pdtdbl00114, pdtdbl00016, pdtdbl00070, pdtdbl00035, pdtdbl00071, pdtdbl00039, pdtdbl00081, pdtdbl00034, pdtdbl00019, pdtdbl00044, pdtdbl00033, pdtdbl00022, pdtdbl00196, pdtdbl00009, pdtdbl00157, pdtdbl00027, pdtdbl00023, pdtdbl00064, pdtdbl00041, pdtdbl00008
Plant Description :

Solanum nigrum is an important ingredient in traditional Indian medicines. Infusions are used in dysentery, stomach complaints, and fever. The juice of the plant is used on ulcers and other skin diseases. The fruits are used as a tonic, laxative, appetite stimulant, and for treating asthma and "excessive thirst". Traditionally the plant was used to treat tuberculosis. It is known as peddakasha pandla koora in the Telangana region. This plant's leaves are used to treat mouth ulcers that happen during winter periods of Tamil Nadu, India. It is known as manathakkali keerai in Tamil Nadu and kaage soppu in Karnataka, and apart from its use as a home remedy for mouth ulcers, is used in cooking like spinach. In North India, the boiled extracts of leaves and berries are also used to alleviate liver-related ailments, including jaundice. In Assam, the juice from its roots is used against asthma and whooping cough.

Solanum nigrum is a widely used plant in oriental medicine where it is considered to be anti-tumorigenic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, diuretic, and antipyretic.

Chinese experiments confirm that the plant inhibits growth of cervical carcinoma in mice.

Plant Keywords : Black Nightshade, Solanum nigrum, Black-berry Nightshade, Nightshade, Poisonberry, Mulaku-thakkali, மணதக்காளி
Plant References :
Black Nightshade

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